The study of fundamental interactions and the constituents of matter is part of a worldwide research effort involving a host of different large-scale facilities that have either started data taking or will start operation in the course of the next decade. PRISMA is devoted to making substantial contributions to answering a number of central open questions in the field, including:
- What is the origin of particle masses?
- How do the properties of bound states emerge from fundamental interactions?
- Why does the Universe contain more matter than anti-matter?
- Which phenomena will we encounter beyond the Standard Model?
- What is the nature of the dark components of the Universe?
- Are fundamental symmetries exact on all length scales?
The hallmark of research on fundamental interactions at JGU is the broad variety of complementary methods that are employed to provide answers to these questions, among them:
- accelerator-based experiments
- neutrino telescopes and dark matter experiments
- atom and ion traps
- reactor-based experiments with cold and ultra-cold neutrons
PRISMA comprises four main interconnected research areas, supplemented by four key structural initiatives. The common goal of these individual sections of PRISMA is to study fundamental forces and symmetries, exploring their connections with the existence of new particles, the internal structure of ordinary (luminous) matter, and the nature of dark matter and its interactions with the visible sector. Moreover, can draw upon the local existing expertise in numerical methods and high-performance computing, and intensify the cooperation with the Centre for Computational Science at JGU.
Many of the most important research goals of PRISMA can only be accomplished by combining the expertise from these different fields, taking advantage of the unique environment and facilites at Mainz.