The study of fundamental interactions and the constituents of matter is part of a worldwide research effort involving a host of different large-scale facilities that have either started data taking or will start operation in the course of the next decade. PRISMA+ is devoted to making substantial contributions to answering a number of central open questions in the field, including:
- Do new particles or new forces beyond the Standard Model of Particle Physics exist?
- What is the origin of particle masses?
- Why does the Universe contain more matter than anti-matter?
- What is the nature of the dark components of the Universe?
The hallmark of research on fundamental interactions at JGU is the broad variety of complementary methods that are employed to provide answers to these questions. PRISMA+ comprises five main interconnected research areas:
They are supplemented by three key structural initiatives:
The common goal of these individual sections of PRISMA+ is to study fundamental forces and symmetries, exploring their connections with the existence of new particles, the internal structure of ordinary (luminous) matter, and the nature of dark matter and its interactions with the visible sector. Moreover, PRISMA+ can draw upon the local existing expertise in numerical methods and high-performance computing.
Many of the most important research goals of PRISMA+ can only be accomplished by combining the expertise from these different fields, taking advantage of the unique environment and facilities at Mainz.